International Journal of Life Science and Medical Research
International Journal of Life Science and Medical Research(LSMR)
ISSN:2226-4566(Print)      ISSN:2226-4558(Online)
CODEN: IJLSDR               Frequency: Bimonthly  
Website: www.jlsmr.org/
Feedlot Assessment of Four Indigenous Breeds of Cattle in Nigeria
Full Paper(PDF, 65KB)
Abstract:
An experiment was carried out to compare the feedlot assessment of four indigenous breeds of cattle in Nigeria. Ten bulls each of Bunaji, Rahaji, Sokoto Gudali and Azawak weighing between 200-235 kg, with each breed constituting a treatment in a completely randomized design were used for the study. The bulls were fed with sun dried layer litter in a concentrate mixture for 3 months. Significant (P>0.05) differences were observed in total and average daily weight gain and feed: gain ratio between breeds. Water intake was significantly (P>0.05) different across the breeds. Significant (P<0.05) difference was also observed in body condition score of the breeds. Bunaji recorded the highest value while Azawak had the least for body condition score. Rahaji, Sokoto Gudali and Azawak had significantly (P>0.05) better values of feed consumed than Bunaji. Similarly, income over feed cost and feed cost per gain were significantly (P<0.05) different cross the breeds. Rahaji and Sokoto Gudali had higher values for value of gain. It was concluded that fattening Rahaji, Sokoto Gudali and Azawak are more profitable than fattening Bunaji.
Keywords:Feedlot; assessment; indigenous breeds; cattle; Nigeria
Author: Madziga I.I1, Alawa C.B.I.1, Lamidi O.S.1, Goska D.Y.1, A. A. Adesote2
1.National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria, Nigeria
2.Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
References:
  1. Olayiwole, M.B. (1982). Cattle feedlot operation in Nigeria. In Beef production inNigeria. Proceedings of National Conference on Beef production. pp. 310-337.
  2. Olayiwole, M.B., Ahmed, M.B. and Bell, T.D. (1975). Feedlot performance and carcass characteristics of steers fed high protein and high energy ratio. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production.2 (2):270-276.
  3. Olayiwole, M.B. and Fulani, I.J. (1980). Economics of Commercial Beef Production under feedlot system of management. In: ILCA, Addis Ababa (Ethiopia); Tropics of West Africa, Kaduna, Nigeria, 23rd -30th 1979.
  4. Olayiwole, M.B., Buvanendran, V., Fulani, I.J. and Ikhatua, J.O. (1981) Intensive fattening of indigenous breeds of cattle in Nigeria. World Review of Animal Production, Vol. XVII, No. 22. pp. 71-77.
  5. Ikhatua, U.J. and Olayiwole, M.B. (1982). Seasonal effect on performance of feedlot bulls. Journal of Animal Production Research 2(2): 99-111
  6. Lamidi, O.S., Adamu, A.M., Ehoche, O.W. and Alawa J.P. (2007). Replacement value of Sun-dried broiler litter for cotton seed cake in the fattening diets for Bunaji bulls. Journal of Animal Production Research 20(1&2): 99-112.
  7. Lamidi, O.S., Adeyinka, I.A., Alawa, C.B.I., Balogun, A. R., and Barje, P.P. (2008). Survey of Dry season feed Resources for smallholder fattening schemes in Northern Nigeria. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3(2): 92-97.
  8. AOAC, (2000). Official Methods of Analysis. Volume 1. 17th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA.
  9. Van Soest, P. J., Robertson, J. B. and Lewis, B. (1991). Methods for Fibre and non Starch Polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science. 74: 3587-3597.
  10. SAS, (2002). Statistical Analysis System. Guide for personal Computers. Version 9. SAS Institute, Inc. Carry, N.C. USA.
  11. Rutherglen, D.C. (1995). Energy and Protien Requirements of Beef cattle. Victoria State Government Agricultural Notes. AG0374 ISSN 1329-8062.
  12. Aduku, A.O. (2005). Tropical Feeding stuff Analysis Table. Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria.
  13. NRC (2000). Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle. 7th Revised Edition. National Academic, Press, Washington, DC, USA. Retrieved on 25th August, 2009 from http://www.nap.edu/books/0309069343/html
  14. Parish J.A. and Rhinehart, J.D. (2008). Energy in Beef Cattle Diets.Mississipi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station. Retrieved on 12th September, 2010 from wwwthecattlsite.com/articles/1653/energy in beef cattle diets
  15. Idowu, O.O. (2011). Comparative Evaluation of some Cereal by- products as Energy sources for fattening Beef cattle. M.Sc. Thesis. Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
  16. NRC (1996). Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle. National Academy of Science, USA.
  17. Gadberry, S. (2002). Water for beef cattle. Agriculture and Natural Resources. University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Services. FSA 3021-PD-1-10RV.
  18. Arias, R.A. and Mader, T.L. (2008). Modeling daily water intake in cattle finished in feedlots. Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports. University of Nebraska, Lincoln.
  19. Wohlt, J.E., Sniffens, C.J. and Hoover, W.H. (1973). Measurement of protein solubility in common feedstuffs. Journal of Dairy Science. 56: 1052-1058.
  20. Lamidi, O.S. (2005). The use of some conventional non protein sources for fattening cattle. Ph.D. Thesis. Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.